Jae Ran Kim applied a "social workers perspective to the wholesome characters in popular Disney movies" and asked, "How many of these beloved characters live in a married, two-parent (hetero) household?"

  • Aladdin (Aladdin) orphaned and homeless; petty crimes for food and shelter
  • Annie (Annie) orphan adopted by rich single dad
  • Ariel (The Little Mermaid) dead mother, rebellious teen who runs away to be with a man
  • Aristocats Marie, Berlioz and Toulouse three kittens raised by a single mother
  • Bambi (Bambi) raised by single mother who is murdered, has never met his absent father
  • Belle (Beauty and the Beast) dead mother, raised by single father
  • Cinderella (Cinderella) dead mother, raised by abusive Stepmother and neglectful, absent father
  • Dumbo (Dumbo) raised by a stigmatized, depressed single mother
  • Elliot (Petes Dragon) orphaned, runaway from abusive foster parents, adopted by single mother
  • Hercules (Hurcules) son of gods transracially adopted by humans
  • Lilo (Lilo and Stitch) orphaned, raised by older sister
  • Mowgli (The Jungle Book) orphaned, raised by 2-male heads of household (bear and panther)
  • Mulan (Mulan) cross-dressing teen girl with intact, multi-generational family unit
  • Nemo (Finding Nemo) dead mother, raised by single overprotective father
  • Oliver (Oliver & Company) orphaned kitten transracially adopted by rich girl
  • Peter Pan (Peter Pan) orphaned, troublemaker and gang leader of Lost Boys
  • Penny (The Rescuers) orphaned girl kidnapped from orphanage
  • Pinocchio (Pinocchio) wooden toy adopted by aged creator Gepetto
  • Pochahontas (Pocahontas) dead mother, raised by single father
  • Quasimoto (The Hunchback of Notre Dame) physically disabled male adopted by evil church minister Frollo
  • Simba (The Lion King) father murdered by uncle, raised by 2-male heads of household (meerkat and warthog)
  • Sleeping Beauty (Sleeping Beauty) parents transferred custody to 3 fairies
  • Snow White (Snow White & the 7 dwarves) dead mother, raised by abusive Stepmother and neglectful father
  • Tarzan (Tarzan) orphaned, transracially adopted by gorilla family